Childhood Apraxia Of Speech: Kaufman Methods For Evaluation And Treatment (K-SLP©)




Course Type


Apraxia expert Nancy Kaufman presents this 4-hour, comprehensive training course to teach participants step-by-step and in specific detail how to evaluate and treat children with apraxia of speech. Therapy session video clips are integrated into this course to demonstrate how Nancy implements the Kaufman Speech to Language Protocol (K-SLP) to teach children with apraxia how to combine consonants and vowels into words and words into functional expressive language.

The rationale for using specific stimuli at specific times during the evaluation and treatment process will be discussed, and methods for incorporating these stimuli during evaluation and treatment will be demonstrated. Participants will learn eight evidence-based strategies that address word simplification, motivation, shaping, cueing, reinforcement and feedback, and practice within the natural environment. Offered for 0.4 ASHA CEUs – 4 contact hours.

Course Run Time: 4:17:27

Course Outline:

  • Define the Behavior and Establish Motivation
  • Shaping Words and Providing Cues
  • Implementing Reinforcement
  • Errorless Teaching
  • Feedback and Mixing/Varying Tasks
  • Common Therapy Mistakes
  • Gaining Functional Expressive Language
  • Practicing New Skills

This presentation will focus exclusively on the Kaufman Speech to Language Protocol. Other treatment approaches will receive limited or no coverage as part of this training. Presenter financial and non-financial disclosures may be found in the Presenter & Disclosures area.

Course Format:

Video PowerPoint presentation with author narration & downloadable handout.

Course Objectives

  1. Define the eight behavioral strategies and be able to implement them in the treatment of CAS.
  2. Discuss three reasons why teaching successive approximations toward target words is an important aspect of the K-SLP and to CAS treatment.
  3. Explain how to implement errorless teaching and fading cues.

Presenter & Disclosures

Since 1979, Nancy Kaufman, MA, CCC-SLP, has dedicated herself to establishing the Kaufman Speech to Language Protocol (K-SLP), a treatment approach to help children become effective vocal communicators. The K-SLP has evolved over the years to include the most current research in childhood apraxia of speech (CAS), motor learning, and applied behavior analysis (ABA), and its methods and materials are used by speech-language pathologists worldwide. In addition, many ABA specialists have adopted the K-SLP for children with autism spectrum disorders.

Nancy lectures locally, nationally, and internationally on the subject of CAS and other speech sound disorders in children. Families from around the country and the world travel to the Kaufman Children's Center for Speech, Language, Sensory-Motor, and Autism Treatment, Inc (KCC) in West Bloomfield, Michigan to participate in intensive, specialized therapy programs. The KCC continues to grow, offering renowned speech, language, occupational therapy, sensory integration, and applied behavior analysis (ABA) center and home-based autism programs.

Nancy served as a member of the Professional Advisory Council for Apraxia Kids for 10 years. Currently, she serves on the board of visitors of Wayne State University's Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute for Child and Family Development and is the speech-language pathologist consultant for the Parish School and Carruth Center in Houston, Texas, and Suburban Speech Center in Short Hills, New Jersey.

Nancy has been honored by both of her alma maters: she received the Distinguished Alumni Award from Wayne State University in 2015 and the Outstanding Alumni Award from Michigan State University in 2010. She was awarded the Michigan Speech-Language-Hearing Association (MSHA) Distinguished Service Award in 2011 and the West Bloomfield Township Chamber of Commerce Community Excellence Business Person of the Year Award in 2015. She was also recognized by the Lawrence Technological University Leaders & Innovators program. The KCC has received MSHA's Clinical Service Award and Corp! Magazine's Best of Michigan Business Award. Nancy has three grown children and resides with her husband in West Bloomfield, Michigan.

Speaker Disclosures:

Financial — Nancy Kaufman is a presenter of CE seminars sponsored by Northern Speech Services; receives speaking fees.

Financial — Nancy Kaufman is a presenter of online CE courses sponsored by Northern Speech Services; receives royalty payments.

Financial — Nancy Kaufman is the Owner and Director of Kaufman Children's Center; ownership interests.

Financial — Nancy Kaufman is the author of treatment materials published by Northern Speech Services; receives royalty payments.

Nonfinancial — Nancy Kaufman has no relevant nonfinancial relationships to disclose. 

Intended Audience/Accreditation

This program is offered for 0.4 ASHA CEUs (Intermediate Level; Professional Area).

Intended Audience

  • SLP

ASHA CEUs: NSS online courses are registered with ASHA and are offered for ASHA CEUs. The number of ASHA CEUs is noted above. Note that 0.1 ASHA CEU = 1 contact hour = equals 1 CEE.

ASHA CE Registry: During the enrollment process, if you select to receive ASHA credit for this course and if you provide your ASHA number, NSS will automatically submit your CEU information to the ASHA CE Registry after successful course completion (80% on post test). This submission happens once per month, during the first week of the month. For example, if you complete your course on November 7th, NSS will submit all November online course CEUs to ASHA during the first week of December. When ASHA inputs the information into their database, they will mark the course as completed on the last day of the month in which it was completed, so November 30th using this example. The certificate of completion available for you to print immediately, however, will reflect the actual completion date, November 7th in this example. Due to ASHA processing procedures please allow 2-3 weeks, from the submission date, for the course to appear on your ASHA transcript.

ASHA CEUs: Attendees must meet at least one of the following conditions in order to be eligible to earn ASHA CEUs:

  • Current ASHA Member
  • ASHA Certificate of Clinical Competence (CCC) Holder
  • Licensed by a state or provincial regulatory agency to practice speech-language pathology (SLP) or audiology
  • Credentialed by a state regulatory agency to practice SLP or audiology
  • Credentialed by a national regulatory agency to practice SLP or audiology
  • Engaged in a Clinical Fellowship under the supervision of an individual with their ASHA CCC
  • Currently enrolled in a masters or doctoral program in SLP or audiology

If an attendee is not an ASHA member or CCC holder but meets any of the above criteria, they may inform the ASHA CE Registry of their eligibility by visiting this site.

Licensing Boards: Most state licensing boards DO accept CEUs earned online (usually classified as home-study credits). Some state boards do, however, place a limit to the number of credits that can be earned via home study/online courses. For the most current information, we suggest that you contact your licensing board or agency to verify acceptance policies and/or any credit limits related to home-study courses prior to registering for this course.

Additional accrediting agencies by which Northern Speech is an approved CE provider:

  • California: NSS is approved as a provider of continuing education by the California Speech-Language Pathology & Audiology Board. Provider #PDP4. Online CEU limits may apply; please contact SLPAHADB for current online CEU acceptance policies.
  • Iowa: NSS is approved as a provider of continuing education by the Iowa Board of Speech Pathology and Audiology Examiners. Provider #169.
  • Kansas: NSS is approved as a provider of continuing education by the Kansas Department of Health and Environment. Provider #LTS-S0005.
  • Florida: NSS is approved as a provider of continuing education by the Florida Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology Board. Provider #SPA-026.
  • New Jersey: NSS is approved as a provider of continuing education by the New Jersey Department of Education. Provider #1654.

Frequently Asked Questions

Customer Support: Please phone 888.337.3866 or email

Course Completion Timeframe:

You have unlimited time to complete our online courses. You may log off and log on as often as you’d like to in order to complete all sections of a course.

However, completion dates are based on Eastern Standard Time. Therefore, if you need your CEUs by a certain date, be sure to complete the course test before 11:59pm EST on that date. For example, if you need CEUs before January 1st, you will need to complete the course test before 11:59pm EST on December 31st.

Content Access:

Access to course materials and content does not expire, even after completing the post test. You may continue to review course material by logging into your NSS account, clicking the My Online Courses tab, and then viewing your desired course.

Certificate of Completion:

On successful completion of the post test (80%), a certificate will be immediately available for download and/or printing. This certificate will include your name, date of completion (based on Eastern Time Zone, USA/Canada), and number of contact hours (CEUs / CEEs). Please note that CEUs are awarded on the date of successful test completion, not the date of course enrollment. Please ensure that you successfully complete the post test prior to any licensure renewal dates.

ASHA CE Registry Submission:

During the enrollment process, if you select to receive ASHA credit for this course and if you provide your ASHA number, NSS will automatically submit your CEU information to the ASHA CE Registry after successful course completion (80% on post test). This submission happens once per month, during the first week of the month. For example, if you complete your course on November 7th, NSS will submit all November online course CEUs to ASHA during the first week of December. When ASHA inputs the information into their database, they will mark the course as completed on the last day of the month in which it was completed, so November 30th using this example. The certificate of completion available for you to print immediately, however, will reflect the actual completion date, November 7th in this example. Due to ASHA processing procedures please allow 2-3 weeks, from the submission date, for the course to appear on your ASHA transcript.

Purchase Orders:

Purchase orders are NOT accepted when registering for online courses. Payment must be made online in the form of a credit or debit card payment.

What is an Online Course?

Our Online Courses consist of video, audio, and/or text content and are offered for ASHA CEUs. Unlike a webinar, which requires participants to be logged on and at a computer at specific times, our Online Courses are available to you at any time, from any device, via your online account. You may work at your own pace and start and stop your course as you wish. Your course will conclude with a short post test. On successful completion of the post test (>80%), a printable certificate of completion is presented to you.

Receiving CEUs:

Northern Speech is an ASHA CE Provider and our online courses are registered with ASHA and offered for ASHA CEUs. Please note that successful completion of the online post test is required prior to the awarding of CEUs. Please contact your state licensing board for acceptance policies related to CEUs earned online.

Registering for an online course:

You may browse all online courses by clicking the Continuing Education tab above, then Online Courses. Once you find a course, click Enroll Now, and you will be asked to either log into your existing Northern Speech account or create a new online account. Once you’ve entered your account information and provided your credit card payment, your course will be immediately available to you.

Accessing your purchased course or returning to a purchased course:

You will be able to access your online course by logging into your Northern Speech account and then clicking the My Online Courses tab on your profile screen. Click the course you would like to start or to resume. From there, proceed through the course sections until you are ready to complete the post test. You do not have to complete your course all at once. You may log on and off as you wish.

Testing requirements:

Each online course concludes with a post test consisting of multiple choice or true & false questions. Scores of 80% or greater are required for successful course completion and awarding of CEUs. You may revisit course materials and retest as needed to achieve a passing score.

Number of CEUs offered:

We offer courses from 1 to 21 contact hours. Each course will note the number of CEUs offered. Please note that 0.1 CEU = 1 contact hour = 1 CEE.

State licensing boards and online CEUs:

NSS is an ASHA CE Provider and most state licensing boards DO accept ASHA CEUs earned online (usually classified as home-study credits). Some boards do, however, place a limit to the number of CEUs that can be earned via home study/online courses. For the most current information, we suggest that you contact your licensing board or agency to verify acceptance policies and/or any CEU limits related to home-study courses prior to enrolling in an online course.

Course formats:

Our course formats include: text, audio, video, and PowerPoint with author narration. Each course will note the format on the course description page.

Course handouts:

Most of our online courses provide a link to download the accompanying handout as a PDF file. 

Group discounts:

Groups of 3 or more are eligible for a 20% discount on each registration on most of our online courses. To receive this discount, registrations need to be processed together via the "Group Rates" tab on the Online Course of your choice.

Computer requirements:

For our online courses to function best, we recommend that you update your computer to include the newest version of your Internet browser (Safari, Chrome, Firefox, Edge, Internet Explorer, etc.) and newest version of your computer's operating system. Also a high-speed Internet connection is recommended (cable or DSL). Speakers or headphones will be required for many of our courses as many contain audio components.

Course Cancellation Policy:

A purchased online course can be exchanged, refunded, or transferred to another individual if contact is made with NSS (via phone or email) within 30 days of purchase and the course materials have not been viewed or downloaded. 

Special Needs:

Please click here for any special needs requests and we will do our best to accommodate them.

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“Going over how to assess speech systematically for children with inconsistent errors and how to differentiate between each error was very helpful. Nancy was very engaging and easy for me to pay attention to via video.” – C.N. (Apr. 2020)

“The hierarchy of cueing was the most beneficial! The videos within the course that acted as case study examples were extremely helpful. Being able to see the cueing hierarchy utilized during a real session was great!” – M.D. (Mar. 2020)

"Honestly, all of it was beneficial. I have access to the Kit 1, but I realized in this course that I haven't always used it in the correct way. So now I know more information on how to use the kit more appropriately to achieve max benefit with my kiddos in therapy. The information re: why we should break target words down into approximations was also very helpful. The videos always help drive home the information being taught as I am a visual learner especially by example." – K.F. (Feb. 2020)

"I enjoyed watching how to break down words to approximates, watching how she fades her cues, and the games that she uses to keep the kids entertained and move practice from drills to play. Also, how to encourage pivot phrases following word practice. Very informative course, and the videos are always helpful and fun to watch." – T.W. (Jan. 2020)

"It provided many examples and videos which were very helpful! I have a new perspective on treating children with CAS. I was pleased to learn that word approximations are acceptable and encouraged. I felt the cueing strategies listed will be significantly impactful in my future therapy sessions." – M.M. (Dec. 2019)

"It was very comprehensive with a lot of good ideas for toys - names of characters etc. and carrier phrases to incorporate into therapy to make sessions highly motivating. So much was beneficial, but I appreciated the videos of how to fade cueing." – L.R. (Dec. 2019)

"I appreciated the handout for reference and all of her videos. Nancy also gives lots of explanation, and I liked how she compared her methods with ABA techniques. I was very satisfied and felt that this course was comprehensively covered for an online short course." – A.H. (Nov. 2019)

"The course was well organized and information was easily understood and presented clearly. I enjoyed going over the need to mix and vary tasks, suggestions of how to work towards retention, the varying types of cues, and all of the suggestions of shaping the student's responses and use of scripting." – V.F. (Oct. 2019)

"The entire course focused on evaluation and treatment techniques. Research was embedded into each technique which made the content much more interesting and useful!" – L.G. (Oct. 2019)

"The videos were very practical and helpful to see what a therapy session would look like in terms of cues and how to prompt the child along." – M.M. (Sept. 2019)

"I appreciated the reminders to not add a schwa when modeling sounds." – J.P. (Aug. 2019)

"I like that the content included practical information that has application to my caseload." – M.P. (Aug. 2019)

"Very thorough covering of the material. I especially enjoyed the discussion of the hierarchy of therapy and specific suggestions to increase appropriate responses." – N.L. (Aug. 2019)

"I loved learning about common therapy mistakes so that I can avoid making them in my future sessions. I loved all the video clips that were shown of Nancy implementing therapy." – A.R. (July 2019)

"The examples of videotaped sessions were very helpful. I liked Nancy's suggestions to avoid overgeneralization and involving parents to achieve carryover. This course exceeded my expectations. Very informative and useful." – P.W. (July 2019)

"I think the topic of elicitation techniques and consideration of not overloading the motor system was very helpful. I liked all the video examples." – C.H. (June 2019)

"I liked the concrete examples to immediately use in therapy. Great videos demonstrating therapy techniques." – P.S. (May 2019)

"Going over how to move from single words to phrases for kids with CAS was most beneficial. I liked how there were lots of video examples for each of the topics covered." – E.M. (May 2019)

"I found the discussion on implementing these skills with children with autism most beneficial. Nancy is so engaging and informative!" – E.Z. (Apr. 2019)

"I enjoyed the step by step approach to evaluating and treating children with apraxia of speech. I also enjoyed the shaping strategy and teaching approximations. I like how examples of compensatory placements were given also. This presentation was very thorough." – A.C. (Mar. 2019)

"I cannot wait to use the technique of teaching a phonological process to increase a child's intelligibility. The videos were the best part." – A.M. (Feb. 2019)

"I loved the whole course but most importantly, there were numerous actual therapy applications I could use tomorrow. I would have liked more actual definition and explanation of apraxia to share with parents." – A.K. (Feb. 2019)

"I found the explanations of how to best use the KSLP kits and then how to generalize beyond them to be most beneficial." – K.H. (Jan. 2019)

"I like that it intertwines SLP and ABA techniques and focuses on the production of speech sounds and eventually language acquisition for communication as behaviors to target." – M.R. (Jan. 2019)

"The discussion on cueing and pivot phrases along with watching the therapy sessions and hearing the prompts being given to the children were most helpful. I also will benefit from knowing where to begin with a student as far as sound production and targets. The best part of this Online Course is the videos." – T.C.S. (Dec. 2018)

"I enjoyed the demonstration of s/videos of S V O targets following the Praxis cue hierarchy as well as early incorporation of Rapid Motor Imitation Antecedent. The videos were very helpful and what keeps the viewer engaged. I liked the ideas for parental training as well." – K.S. (Nov. 2018)

"This presentation was very well done. It was well thought out, researched, and very thorough." – A.C. (Oct. 2018)

"I specifically found the discussion about fading cues, musical strategies, and general information about how to use the Kaufman cards most beneficial." – J.S. (Sept. 2018)

"Wonderful topic & presenter! I appreciated the specific and straightforward application of the techniques." – T.R. (Apr. 2018)

"Learning the importance of what first words to teach children with CAS and teaching word approximations rather than accepting the child's utterance were the most beneficial discussions. The videos were extremely helpful for learning specific techniques and for application purposes." – A.C. (Apr. 2018)

"I was familiar with the K-SLP, but this course helped me relate it to specific children with behavioral concerns in addition to some degree of childhood apraxia." – M.D. (Apr. 2018)

"Very clear course - great information and recommendations. I liked the many video examples, and I loved seeing the child's progress years later!" – S.M. (Mar. 2018)

"Loved the long list of cues -- great to be so specific, especially when working with grad students. Great handout and video examples." – K.C. (Mar. 2018)

"I found the progression of targeted words to be most beneficial as well as how to provide fading cues. The video examples were very helpful at applying practical strategies." – E.N. (Feb. 2018)

"I really appreciated the discussion on data collection regarding the level of cue I use and the levels of words/sounds. I liked the specific lists of words and why those were picked. The videos were most helpful." – D.L. (Feb. 2018)

"Viewing the teaching strategies with actual clients was helpful. I enjoyed the practical strategies and techniques I can use immediately." – J.Q. (Jan. 2018)

"All of it was beneficial. I work with several children with CAS and the techniques were all very helpful." – A.C. (Dec. 2017)

"The discussion on different ways to break down words for children and how to utilize approximations appropriately both supported what I am already doing and gave me additional information on how to improve my practice. I enjoyed the videos of strategies in practice." – E.G. (Dec. 2017)

"I really enjoyed how to move further along than just the Kaufman cards. I will use the sentences in my therapy. It was a really good refresher on how to use the Kaufman cards and how to elicit more language." – J.G. (Nov. 2017)

"I found the multiple videos of various techniques helpful, especially in the area of cueing. Nancy Kaufman did a great job of explaining how and why she cued or presented items as she did. I especially liked the common therapy mistakes to avoid." – R.B. (Oct. 2017)

"I've taken courses with Nancy before (in person and on-line). I gain something each time I see her speak. This was a great refresher." – E.P. (Sept. 2017)

"Elements within shaping will be very helpful in my daily practice...not only for the kiddos with Apraxia but also with the kiddos who are having a hard time with phonological processes such as fronting or initial consonant deletion." – K.A. (Sept. 2017)

"The topic of cueing and how to fade the cues was most beneficial to me as a school based SLP. I loved the videos of the children you worked with. They added significant value to the information being taught in the course. I also liked the tactile cue pictures for each specific sound." – A.C. (Aug. 2017)

"I loved the connection to ABA principles. I feel the videos showcasing the consults that occurred with parents will be the most beneficial in my daily practice when I'm consulting with other staff and parents." – D.L. (July 2017)

"The entire course was so great. The videos of therapy sessions were so helpful." – K.F. (June 2017)

"Nancy Kaufman is a great presenter! She keeps the audience engaged and her talks have a great flow! I love learning about using behavior strategies in the SLP world. I use the Kaufman approach with some kiddos and to be able to expand my knowledge with the method and incorporate behavior methods is great!" – P.B. (June 2017)

"I work with autistic students and need evidence based approaches using ABA methods. Great presentation! The handouts were very beneficial but I didn't print them out until after I listened to the whole course. Printing them first would have been a better strategy." – N.M. (May 2017)

"I initially took this course because I have two children with Childhood Apraxia, but after taking this course I understand that I can use these techniques for phonological processes and autism. I like that the videos that demonstrated how to implement the techniques. The course is excellent." – A.P. (Apr. 2017)

"The levels of cueing and video examples were very helpful. It was very practical information, easily communicated, and showed real therapy sessions as examples for implementation." – N.C. (Mar. 2017)

"The discussions on prompting and cueing were most beneficial. I liked the explanation of treatment methods followed by a video of the clinicians applying methods." – A.C. (Feb. 2017)

"Videos are always helpful, but in general, the different approach to eliciting speech and approximating words in invaluable. I have never, in 20 years, had a CE course with this much value." – M.S. (Jan. 2017)

"I appreciated the 5 word lists to work on with children who struggle with very low intelligibility. I feel like I was previously just choosing words that I thought would work best. I liked the video models of using the information in therapy, too." – L.B. (Dec. 2016)

"Being able to teach word approximations that the child may be able to improve upon is most beneficial. The course validates the work and approaches I am utilizing to treat a current client with apraxia." – A.M. (Dec. 2016)

"I found so much to be helpful: The use of pivot words or phrase shaping; Moving from syllables to words then to phrases; Types of syllables; Types of Cueing Techniques." – B.W. (Dec. 2016)

"Reviewing the different behaviors for treating apraxia was extremely beneficial. The material was relevant and presented well. There were several things that were practical and could be easily done in multiple settings." – E.K. (Dec. 2016)

"Everything was excellent. The videos were great. Tying the information to an ABA framework. Terrific course!" – C.F. (Dec. 2016)

"I liked everything. Nancy's courses are always practical and applicable immediately in therapy." – L.L. (Nov. 2016)

"I really appreciated going over the differences in the various diagnosis - apraxia, aphasia, dysarthria, phonological disorders." – B.T. (Nov. 2016)

"I found the progression of expanding expressive language and when to introduce additional grammar components such as pronouns and articles most helpful." – K.D. (Nov. 2016)

"Very thorough, covers things that SLPs and parents may not always think about, e.g. too many questions, mixing it up, scripting after anticipating a child's response. I especially enjoyed the discussions on common SLP mistakes, pivot phrases, and types of language to be scripted." – L.H. (Nov. 2016)

"This has been by far the most beneficial course I have taken regarding what I do on a daily basis working as an SLP in an ABA therapy school." – C.M. (Nov. 2016)

"I loved the videos! It is great to watch Nancy in action and makes the various points more memorable." – S.H. (Nov. 2016)

"It reinforced how to cue and fade cues in a systematic manner. The video examples are always helpful to see these methods in action and they leave a lasting impression." – K.T. (Oct. 2016)

"The videos were outstanding in showing application of each teaching strategy, and it was also great to view each child's progress as they got older." – D.H. (Oct. 2016)

"Excellent use of PPT, discussion and video demonstrations. Very comprehensive, well done. Provides specific information and additional demonstrations of techniques." – R.U. (Sept. 2016)

"I liked the energy and knowledge (and obvious passion) from Nancy in her continuing work." – S.A. (Sept. 2016)

"All of the videos and discussion about their particular speech errors and plan of treatment for each were so helpful. Lots of information that I can use tomorrow!" – K.C. (Sept. 2016)

"This course definitely sharpened my clinical skills in this area, as Nancy's seminars/teachings always do! Interesting to look at CAS through the lens of ABA. Humbly, I will definitely be eliminating/altering a couple of my treatment techniques going forward because of this course. Thank you so very much for the opportunity to participate and learn from one of the greats in our field!" – V.H. (Aug. 2016)

"I really appreciated the thorough handout - there is enough detail in there that I didn't feel like I had to print the whole thing out just to take manic notes on it throughout the presentation. I also feel like there's enough detail that I can use the handout six months from now. Some courses only include skeletal-at-best notes, which are useless a short time after I've taken the course." – W.P. (July 2016)